Designing Training Curriculum for Capacity Building in Time Use Surveys for a Complete Measurement of the Economy to promote Gender Justice

International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization and the International Labour Organization office at Geneva has asked TURC to design Training Curriculum for Capacity Building in Time Use Surveys for a Complete Measurement of the Economy to promote Gender Justice.

The training curriculum comprises of the following modules:

Module 1. Understanding Work for Gender Justice

Module 2. Introduction to Time Use Statistics

Module 3: A module designed specifically for producers of statistics: optional for users of statistics

A Conducting Time Use Surveys

B Classification of TU activities

Module 4: A module designed specifically for producers of statistics: optional for “users of statistics”

A. Basic Time use data analysis

B Methods of valuing unpaid household service work and voluntary work

C Other important analytical constructs

D Time use statistics and macro- modelling

Module 5: How time use statistics serve policy objectives including gender justice and decent work

The Expert Team

The experts who are involved in this task are as follows (arranged alphabetically)

  1. Dr. Rania Antonopoulos, Co-director, GEM IWG and Principle Instructor, Knowledge Networking Programme, GEM IWG; and Research Scholar and Director, Gender Equality and the Economy Programme. The Levy Economics Institute of Bard College
  2. Dr. Jacques Charmes, Professor of Economics, Director of Department of Social and Health Sciences, Institute of Research for development (IRD), France (He has been Advisor on TUS in several African countries)
  3. Dr. Valeria Esquevel, Instructor, GEM IWG and Investigadora Docente, Instituto de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina
  4. Dr. Kimberly Fisher, Secretary – Treasurer of International Association for Time Use Research; and Member of Core Team, Center for Time Use Research (CTUR), Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, UK.
  5. Dr. Margerita Guerrero, Advisor, Statistics, UN ESCAP, Bangkok, Thailand, formerly Statistician with UN Statistical Division at New York
  6. Dr. Indira Hirway, Director and Professor of Economics, Centre for Development Alternatives, Ahmedabad (India) and Principle Instructor & Advisor on TUS, Knowledge Networking Programme, GEM IWG (She will be the Director of TURC and Convener of the Advisory Committee)
  7. Dr. Duncan Ironmonger, Director, Households Research Unit, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Indira Hirway is coordinating this project. .

Short CV of Experts

Prof. Jacques Charmes

Jacques Charmes is Scientific Advisor to the Director General, Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France and Core Member of WIEGO. He was the Director of the Department of Social and Health Sciences (425 researchers in 25 research units) at the Institute of Research for Development (IRD).He was Professor of economics and director of PhD theses at the Institute of Political Science in Paris and at the University of Versailles. Member of the Scientific Council of the University Institute for Development Studies in Geneva (1996-2002). Elected member of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) since 1989. Elected member of the Council of the International Association of Survey Statisticians (1989 1991). Co-founder of the international network “Women in informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing” (WIEGO,, co-director of its statistics programme 2000-05. Member of the scientific council of the CODESRIA-MacArthur programme on “African real economies”. Deputy Director of the International Research Group “Economies of the Mediterranean and Arab world” (EMMA, 1999-2008).

He has been recently involved in International programmes or Experts Groups. The recent programmes are ILO-EU, Expanding Knowledge Base on Decent Work in Mediterranean Countries, Labour Markets Policies and Institutions, with a Focus on Inclusion, Equal Opportunity and the Informal Economy, 2009-2010 and ILO, Social Protection, Improving data collection on social protection deficits in the informal economy, 2009-2010.He has about two seventy (270) publications.

Recent Publications :

Charmes J. et Mohamed Saib Musette eds., (2006) “Informalisation des economies maghrebines: Une strategie d’adaptation a la crise du travail ou une limite aux politiques actives ?, Editions du CREAD, Alger, 144p.

Charmes J., (2008) “Statistics on Informal Employment in the Arab Region”, chapter 3 of “Gender Equality and Workers’Rights in the Informal Economies of Arab States”, ILO Regional Office for the Arab States and CAWTAR (Center of Arab Women for Training and Research, Beyrouth and Tunis, 116p. (pp.54-72).

Charmes J., ( 2008) ‘Concepts, measurement and trends’, chapter 2 of Johannes P. Jutting and Juan R. de Laiglesia (2009), Is Informal Normal? Towards more and better jobs in developing countries, An OECD Development Centre Perspective, Paris, 163p. (pp. 27-62).

Charmes J., (2010) ‘Informal Economy and Labour Market Policies and Institutions in selected Mediterranean Countries : Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Algeria and Morocco’, ILO, Geneva, 23p.

Dr. Rania Antonopoulos

Rania Antonopoulos is director of the Gender Equality and the Economy program at the Levy Institute. She specializes in macro-micro linkages of gender and economics, international competition, and globalization. She has served as an expert adviser and consultant for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and, since 2002, as a co-director of the GEM-IWG Knowledge Networking Program on Engendering Macroeconomics and International Economics. Prior to her present position she taught economics at New York University for fifteen years. She specializes and teaches courses in international trade and globalization, macroeconomics and gender issues, and history of economic thought and is a consultant and expert advisor to the United Nations Development Program on gender and macroeconomics issues. Since 2002 she has been a co-principal investigator and the co-coordinator for the “Knowledge Networking and Capacity Building on Gender, Macroeconomics, and International Economics” a program funded by the Ford Foundation and the International Development Research Center (Canada) and whose main activity is the training of researchers, economists in government and academia and Ph.D. students from throughout the world. Her work has been published in the Journal of Income Distribution, the Review of Radical Political Economics, Eastern Economic Journal and Oikonomikos Tahydromos (in Greek).

In 2007, Antonopoulos oversaw the launch of an interactive website as groundwork for the knowledge-sharing initiative Economists for Full Employment; EFE seeks to link and mobilize a global community of economists, academics, public policy advocates, and nongovernmental organizations, with the principal objective of placing decent job creation at the center of development and macroeconomic strategies. In 2006–07, she headed up a team of Levy Institute researchers studying the impact of public employment guarantee schemes (EGS) on pro-poor development and gender equality. The project, supported by a grant from the UNDP, consisted of a pilot study exploring the synergies between EGS and unpaid work—including unpaid care work—in India and South Africa. Currently, she is working with the National Women’s Institute of Mexico (INMUJERES) for the launching of a similar program whose aim is public service job creation.Antonopoulos holds a Ph.D. in economics from the New School for Social Research

Recent Publications:

Unpaid Work and the Economy: Gender, Time Use and Poverty in Developing Countries (co-editor), 2010.

Time and Poverty from a Developing Country Perspective, Working Paper No. 600Gender Equality and the EconomyRania AntonopoulosEmel MemisBook Series January 2010.

Joint Project of UNDP and Levy Institute on Public Employment, Gender Equality and the EconomyRania Antonopoulos, Kijong KimPublic Policy Brief No. 108 | February 2010.

Why President Obama Should Care About “Care”: An Effective and Equitable Investment Strategy for Job Creation, Gender Equality and the EconomyThe Distribution of Income and Wealth Rania AntonopoulosKijong KimThomas MastersonAjit ZachariasPublic Policy Brief Highlights No. 108A | April 2010.

An Alternative Theory of Long-run Exchange Rate Determination, 2009.

The Unpaid Care Work–Paid Work Connection,” Working Paper No. 86, Policy Integration and Statistics Department, International Labour Office, Geneva, 2008;

Unpaid Work and the Economy, Gender Equality and the Economy:Rania Antonopoulos and Indira Hirway.

Dr. Duncan Standon Ironmonger

Dr Duncan Ironmonger is Associate Professor and Director, Households Research Unit, Department of Economics, University of Melbourne since 1991.He has a Master of Commerce from the University of Melbourne and a PhD in Economics from the University of Cambridge and is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society and a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia. Professor Ironmonger is an internationally known economist with more than 40 years experience in applied economic and social research. He was in the Australian Bureau of Statistics in Canberra for 17 years and has subsequently been a cosultant to many government departments including official statistical agencies in the USA, UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, New Zealand and Australia. His current international research collaborations include the Multinational Time Use Study (Oxford University), World Project LINK for International Modelling and Forecasting (United Nations, New York) and Integrating Household Production into National Poverty Reduction Programs (Economic Commission for Africa, Addis Ababa).

Over the last 20 years Professor Ironmonger has played an international role in the development of time use statistics and the measurement and valuation of household production. In 1987 he published the first input-output table of household productive activities using time use data.These tables provide the basic structure and data for national satellite accounts of the household economy.His methods have been applied in the national statistical offices of Canada, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Statistics Finland and Eurostat have adopted several of his research innovations in their proposals for a harmonised satellite of household production. The Office of National Statistics in London has adopted his basic ideas for output-based estimates of household production and has published output-based estimates of the components of Gross Household Product for the years 1996 to 2002. Dr Ironmonger’s most recent project is the Creation of a System of Time Accounts for Melbourne, Australia’s second largest metropolis. His Current Research Interest is in Household economics; Time use economics; Household demography; National accounts; Macroeconomic modelling and forecasting; Business expectations. Dr. Ironmonger is Member of the Ethics Committee of the Australian Institute of Family Studies since 1998; Chair of the Committee since 2009.

Recent Publications

Time Use” New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition (2008).

Bringing up Bobby and Betty: The inputs and outputs of childcare time, Family Time: The Social Organization of Care (Folbre and Bittman Eds) (Routledge 2004)

Married Households and Gross Household Product (With Faye Sourpourmas) Marriage and the Economy: How Marriage Affects Work, Spending and the Macro-Economy (Grossbard-Schectman Ed) (Cambridge University Press 2003)

Household Production, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2001).

Dr. Margarita F. Guerrero

Margarita F.Guerrero is a Regional Adviser on Statistics at United Nations Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific (ESCAP), Thailand. She is the Senior Technical Advisor, UNDP-DFID-GSO Statistical Capacity Building Project on Support to Socio-economic Development Monitoring in Viet Nam. Hanoi, Viet Nam. March 2008- September 2009. Her international involvement includes Member (ongoing), Statistics Working Group of Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO), Statistical adviser for preparation of publication on ‘Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture’. ILO. December 2001 – April 2002, Consultant, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD). New York, USA. January 2001-December 2001, Member, Regional Resource Group for UNDP/ESCAP Project on Integrating Paid and Unpaid Work into National Policies. September 1999 – September 2001, Senior Project Advisor, ILO-UNDP Technical Assistance on Labour Force Statistics to the Republic of Georgia. International Labour Organization. January 1998-December 1999, Consultant on establishment surveys for Asian Development Bank (ADB) Technical Assistance to General Statistical Office Vietnam. Hanoi. April-May 1996. Evaluated data collection system for national accounts and made recommendations for a suitable data collection system based on establishments/enterprises.

Selected Publications :

Gennari, Pietro, M. Guerrero, Z. Orhun, I. Havinga, G. Singh. 2010. Working Paper No. 1. The “1-2” Survey: A data collection strategy for informal sector and informal employment statistics. UNDA Project on Interregional Cooperation on Measurement of the Informal Sector and Informal Employment. Bangkok, Thailand.

Guerrero, M. F., consultant/author. 2005. Guide to Producing Statistics on Time Use: Measuring Paid and Unpaid Work. United Nations. New York.

United Nations. 2003. Guidebook on Integrating Unpaid Work into National Policies. Module I- Collecting Time Use Data. UNESCAP/UNDP. New York.

Lamberte, M. B., C. B. Cororaton, A. C. Orbeta, & Margarita Guerrero. 2001. Chapter 5: Impact of the East Asian Financial Crisis on the Philippine Manufacturing Sector. In Economic crisis … once more. Mario B. Lamberte (Ed). Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Makati City, Philippines.

Lamberte, M. B., C. B. Cororaton, M. F. Guerrero, & A. C. Orbeta. 2000. Chapter 13: The Impact of the Southeast Asian Financial Crisis on Philippine Manufacturing Sector. In Asian Corporate Recovery: Findings from Firm-level Surveys in 5 Countries. Dwor-Frecaut, Colaco, Hallward-Drier (Eds). World Bank, Washington DC.

Dr. Valeria Esquivel

Valeria Esquivel is a Researcher and Assistant Professor at Instituto de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina and Research Associate at the Levy Economics Institute, Bard College. She is coordinator of the time-use group within the International Working Group on Gender, Macroeconomics, and International Economics and a member of GEM-LAC, the Latin America and Caribbean working group on gender and macroeconomics. Esquivel coordinated the team that designed and collected data for a time-use module introduced together with the Buenos Aires Annual Household Survey in 2005. Her current research focuses on the tensions between paid and unpaid care work based on time use results with a strong public policy focus. Her research interests have centered on macroeconomics, labor markets, and social policy from a gender perspective, and she has published in the areas of labor market regulation, poverty, and income distribution. She is also senior consultant on the informal economy for the Argentinean Ministry of Labor, Employment, and Social Security and on gender and the new macroeconomic regime in Argentina for ECLAC. Esquivel earned an M.Sc. in economics from Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London and is currently PhD Candidate at the Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London. She is Licenciada en Economia (honors) from University of Buenos Aires.

She is also a member of the (1) International Association for Feminist Economics, IAFFE, (2) International Association for Time Use Research, IATUR. Member of the Executive Board since 2009, (3) International Working Group of Gender, Macroeconomics and International Economics (GEM-IWG) and Latin American Group on Gender, Macroeconomics and International Economics (GEM-LAC), Asociacion Argentina de Especialistas en Estudios del Trabajo, ASET.

Recent Publications :


“Care Workers in Argentina: At the crossroads of labour markets institutions and care services”, in Shahra Razavi and Silke Staab (editors), Special issue: The global political and social economy of paid care work, International Labor Review, Volume 149, No.4, December 2010.

“Unpaid care work in the City of Buenos Aires”, in Debbie Budlender (ed.), Time Use Studies and Unpaid Care Work, New York: UNRISD/Routledge Series, ISBN: 978-0-415-88224-8, (2010).

“Lessons from the Buenos Aires Time Use Survey. A Methodological Assessment”, in Rania Antonopoulos and Indira Hirway (eds.), Unpaid Work and the Economy: Gender, Time Use and Poverty. New York: Palgrave Mcmillan. ISBN 978-02-302-1730-, (2009).

“ Uso del tiempo en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Coleccion Libros de la Universidad N° 33, Los Polvorines ‘, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento. ISBN 978-987-630-055-1, (2009).

Dr. Kimberly D. Fisher

Kimberly D. Fisher is a Senior Research Fellow, Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, also fellow of St Hugh’s College, October 2006 – present. Secretary-Treasurer of the International Association for Time Use Research. Her current research focuses on the Collection and analysis of time use data, particularly the use of time diary data to measure physical activity, work-life balance, and the impact of providing and receiving care on daily routines. Dr Fisher also works with a number of data harmonisation projects, including the Multinational Time Use Study (MTUS) and the creation of heritage time use files for use with the 2003 American Time Use Survey.

Dr. Kimberly Fisher was awarded IATUR Time for Life Outstanding Time Use Research Award (2008), Marshall Scholar (1992), Outstanding Postgraduate, School of Justice Studies. Reviews of articles, grant applications, and project reports for British Journal of Sociology, Electronic International Journal of Time Use Research, Economic and Social Research Council (UK), Mobilisation, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada), Sociology of Health and Illness, The Sociological Review, Springer-Verlag Publishing, Sustainable Consumption. Also regular book reviews for the Electronic International Journal for Time Use Research.

Recent Publications :

Fisher, Kimberly. (2010) An Overview of Time in Volunteering and Adult Care in the United Kingdom. Oxford, UK: Centre for Time Use Research, University of Oxford.

Fisher, Kimberly and John P Robinson. (2009) “Average Weekly Time Spent in 30 Basic Activities Across 17 Countries” Social Indicators Research 93(1): 249-254.

Fisher, Kimberly, Muriel Egerton, Jonathan I. Gershuny, and John P. Robinson. (2007) “Gender Convergence in the American Heritage Time Use Study (AHTUS)” Social Indicators Research, 82(1): 1-33; formerly ISER Working Paper 2006-25, Colchester, University of Essex,

Hill, Patricia, Kimberly Fisher, Michael Bittman and Cathy Thomson. (2007) “Caregivers and Community Services Non-use in Australia” in Isabella Paoletti (ed.) Family Caregiving to Older Disabled People: Relational and Institutional Issues New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.: 359-391.

Tudor-Locke, Catrine, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Heather R. Bowels, Michael Bittman, Kimberly Fisher, Dafna Merom, Jonathan Gershuny, Adrian Bauman, and Muriel Egerton. (2007) “Walking Behaviours from the 1965-2003 American Heritage Time Use Study (AHTUS)” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4:45

Bittman, Michael, and Kimberly Fisher. (2006) Exploring the Economic and Social Value of Present Patterns of Volunteering in Australia: Social Policy Research Paper 28. Australian Government, Department of Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs.

Prof. Indira Hirway

Dr. Indira Hirway, Director and Professor of Economics at Center for Development Alternatives, Ahmedabad, India, has studied for her Masters in Economics at Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University and for her Ph D at Department of Economics at University of Bombay, Mumbai.

The major areas of her interest are poverty and human development, labour and employment, globalization and related policies, development alternatives and development paradigms, environment and development, environment accounting, gender and development, time use studies etc. She has written several books and published a large number of research papers in reputed Indian and international journals. She has been associated with a number of expert groups, task forces, technical committees and study groups set up by the Central and state governments as well as international bodies. She has spent several semesters as visiting fellow / faculty at Oxford University, Erasmus University at Rotterdam, Amsterdam University, University of Utah at Salt Lake City and at Levy Institute at New York University.

Recently she has chaired the Working Group on Gender and Agriculture, Land Issues, Innovative Finance and Public Private Partnership set up by the Planning Commission for the Eleventh Plan. She is also a member of the (1) Feminist Economists Group set up by the Planning Commission for engendering the Eleventh Plan and (2) Expert Group set up for designing GDI and GEM in India.

As far as time use studies is concerned, she is associated with the following Indian and international expert groups:

  1. Chairperson, Technical Committee set up by the Department of Statistics for conducting the first (pilot) time use survey in India.
  2. Member, Expert Committee set up for designing follow up action on time use methodologies and time use classification set up by CSO (GOI)
  3. Member, Expert Group on Time Use Activity Classification, set up by UN Statistical Division, New York
  4. Member, Regional Resource Group, set up by ESCAP, Bangkok for integrating unpaid work in to macro policies
  5. Consultant to UNDP (Manila) for APGEN Programme and Consultant to UNIFEM, UNESCAP, Bangkok for the project on Gender Approach to Data Collection
  6. Resource Person / instructor in Annual Training Programme on IWG-GEM at University of Utah, USA (on Engendering Macroeconomics and International Economics)
  7. In charge of designing Unit One (time use component) of the Virtual Course of IWG GEM
  8. Member, Executive Committee, IATUR (international Association on Time Use Research).

Recent Publications:

Employment Guarantee Programme and Pro-poor Growth : The Study of a Village in Guajrat, (2010), with M R Saluja and Bhupesh Yadav, Academic Foundation, New Delhi.

Unpaid Work and the Economy: Gender, Time Use and Poverty in the Global South (2009), co-edotor with Rania Antonopoulos, Palgrave Macmillan, UK.

Restructuring of Production and Labour under Globalization: A Study in Textile and Garment Industry in India (2008), ILO Regional Office, New Delhi.

Towards Mainstreaming Time Use Surveys in National Statistical System in India (2008) (Edited by Indira Hirway and S Jeyalakshmi), Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, New Delhi.

Application of Time Use Statistics (2003) (Edited by Indira Hirway), UNIFEM & Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, New Delhi.

Valuation of Coastal Resources: The Case of Mangroves in India (2007,(with Subhrangsu Goswami) Academic Publications, New Delhi